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Sols et Paysages

Très bel ouvrage, écrit par deux passionnés, détaillant les relations entre paysages et types de sols sur une douzaine d’exemples différents.

Ce livre écrit par deux universitaires est très agréable à lire et explique en détails les principaux types de sols que l’on trouve en Europe et leur incidence sur la végétation et l’utilisation des terrains correspondants.

Cet ouvrage décrit de façon détaillée un grand nombre de sols en croisant les observations sur le terrain, les analyses en laboratoire et en s’appuyant sur la bibliographie et l’expérience des deux auteurs. A partie de ces données sont expliquées la formation du sol et ses incidences sur la végétation et l’exploitation des terrains correspondants.

L’incidence de l’habitat, de l’agriculture, de l’exploitation du sous-sol sont prises en compte ainsi que leurs incidences sur le sol.

Une autre partie traite plus en profondeur les usages du sol qu’ils soient urbains, forestiers, agricoles, viticoles ou autres.

Ce livre est abondamment illustré de photos et croquis.

Il s’adresse à tout professionnel ou futur professionnel dans ce domaine ou dans des domaines proches (agriculture, exploitations forestières ou minières…) mais aussi à toute personne convaincue de l’importance du sol et de l’impératif de le protéger.

 

Sols et Paysages

Types de sols, fonctions et usages en Europe moyenne

Par Jean Michel Cobat et Claire Guenat

Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes

Lausanne

There are no translations available.

Vente miroiterie Sforza

 

La miroiterie Sforza, installée depuis plusieurs dizaines d'années dans la région grenobloise a été cédée courant juillet à un jeune repreneur.

Main French windows supplier before the merging Bouvet FPPE .

1/Tryba (Atrya)

CA 2017 265 millions d’Euros

 

2/Cetih (Bel M, Swao,  Zilten, CID)

CA 2017 215 millions d’Euros

 

3/Bouvet

CA 2017 162 millions d’Euros

 

4/FPPE

CA 2017 145 millions d’Euros

 

5/Atlantem (Solabaie)

CA 2017 133 millions d’Euros

Very strong growth in Internet sales of wheels for mirrors machines.

Vedip, the first European web site (French origin) Internet sales of Italian wheels for mirrors machines saw its revenues for the second 2019 quarter  increased by more than 67 %.

The strategy developed by Vedip to propose, in partnership with a leading Italian manufacturers of wheels and diamond core drills for glass, very competitive prices  for working only on the Internet, detailed fact sheets with photos, standard wheels made by manufacturers / Machines / Positions, alternative wheels and a telephone support seems to meet the needs of the market in Europe mirrors.

The site already has 1741 tools now online  continues  to improve the technical data of the tools and the number of referenced machinery (over a hundred).

On Vedip you can view the data sheets (with photos and price) of the wheels for the main flat glass processing machines of the market (straight line edging machines, CNC, drills, double edger, chamfering ...) and the most important suppliers (Intermac, Bovone, Glaston, Bavelloni, Lattuada, Schiatti, JANBAC Baudin, Battelino, Denver, Bimatech, Ada, Besana, Bottero ....).

www.vedip.com

Contact : info@vedip.com

Tel 00 33 782 39 43 34.

 

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The different glasses

 

From the float glass different glasses are manufactured.

-Printed glass

Before to be completly cooled the glass sheets are sent between two engraved rolls allowing "to print" different designs on the glass sheets. More often the printed glass is also a coloured glass.

Printed glass exemple

These glasses are mainly used for interior decoration (doors, shower panels, offices partitions...)

-Armoured glass

Inside the glass is included a metallic framework.

The applications are for the security market

-Sandblasted glasses

The " sand "   sent under pressure on glass sheets removes the transparency ( removing on the glass surface from some microns up to some millimeters)

It is possible to sandblast all the glass surface or protecting some area to design geometric or artistic drawings on the glass.

The glass sandblasting is a very dynamic area.

 

Door with sandblasted glass

( Company Signal décors , France 54). Proposed with double glazing.

 

 

Other exemple with a building with the Joconde face . ( Signal décors)

 

 

-Mirrors

The glass is coated on one side with silver nitrate allowing it to mirror the light.

 

-Engraved glass

On its surface the glass is engraved with a wheel to obtain a geometrical or artistic drawing.

 

 

On the left an engraved glass with some ohter processed glasses.

 

-Coated glass

It is the more important innovation for the last 10 years. On one of two face the glass is coated with mettalic or chemical coating allowing the glass to obtain specific properties.The thickness for this coating is some ten or so nonometer.

The more common coated glasses have minimum 6 coats, but some  other can have more than 20 (automotive glasses)

 

-No reflection glasses

On the common glasses it can have reflection on the two glass faces from different things in the glass surrounding. This reflection decreases the glass transparency. To prevent this the two glass faces are coated with a metallic oxide. These glasses are mainly used in presentation windows (museums), protecting glasses for painting....

-Anti-condensation glasses

The glass from your glasses is a coated glass with anti-condensation coating.

-Self-cleaning glass

Lodged on the windows titan oxide coating is a catalyst allowing to destroy dust and organic particles, with the sun effect. And after the rain will remove the small particles remaining on the window.

-Glass against bacterium

This glass allow to kill bacterium. The idea from  AGC, the first supplier to propose such a glass was to eliminate up to  99,9% of the bacteriums.

-Low E glasses

tTo reflect the infrared light to keep the heat outside during the summer and inside during the winter.

-Hydrophobic glass

The glass prevents the water to remain on the glass (for exemple for plane windscreens).

These glass were designed from lotus leaves study.

 

 

The coated glasses are generally designed with several coats.

-One to hang the coating on the glass

-Several coats to give to the glass the wanted suitabilities.

-One to protect the coating

 

 

 

Laminated glass